Criteria for climate protection projects
All climate protection projects must meet four basic criteria in addition to emission reduction: Additionality, exclusion of double counting, permanence and verification by independent third parties.
To prove compliance with the criteria, the projects are certified and audited according to strict criteria, such as the Gold Standard or the Verified Carbon Standard (VCS). This ensures and regularly confirms the climate protection effect of the projects. One of the most important requirements is that the projects are actually additional climate protection measures and that the contribution to CO2 reduction in the atmosphere is clearly measurable. The following criteria must be met by projects in order to be recognised as climate protection projects:
- a) additionality
It must be ensured that a project is only implemented because it receives additional financing through emissions trading. The project must therefore be dependent on revenues from emissions trading to cover its financing needs and must be able to prove this need. Projects that are economically viable anyway and would also be realised without this revenue do not fulfil the criterion and cannot be used to offset CO2 emissions.
- (b) Exclusion of double counting
It must be ensured that the CO2 savings are not already offset elsewhere. For example, a solar system whose electricity is marketed as green electricity cannot be used as a climate protection project because the positive climate effect is already attributed to electricity.
In addition, in the process of climate-neutralization it must be guaranteed that the CO2 emissions saved are only used once to offset CO2 emissions and that the corresponding certificates are decommissioned.
- c) Durability
The emission savings must be permanent. This criterion is particularly important for afforestation and forest protection projects. In these projects, it must be ensured that the forest areas are maintained for a certain period of time. An area of forest that is converted back into a pasture after a few years of slash-and-burn must not be recognised as a climate protection project.
- (d) Regular review by independent third parties
Climate protection projects must be reviewed by independent third parties at regular intervals in all the criteria mentioned. They monitor compliance with the relevant standards and determine the amount of CO2 actually saved. retroactive. Regular progress reports are therefore drawn up on the projects.
ClimateMap offers a selection of climate protection projects from the ClimatePartner portfolio. Do you need more information and background knowledge? ClimatePartner describes the functionality and the advantages of climate protection projects.